Mozambique has been historically characterized by dynamic human mobility patterns that contribute to development, the economy and livelihoods of communities. However, the benefits of well-managed migration for development are yet to be maximized to their full potential through whole-of-government migration management approaches that promote safe, orderly and regular migration in Mozambique. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been operational in Mozambique since 1994. IOM has a solid footprint in the country, with a permanent presence in four provinces and programming in all ten provinces. IOM continues to work closely with the Government of Mozambique and various stakeholders on the multifaceted migration issues affecting the country. Migration and human mobility have become one of the major trends of the twenty-first century and one of the most topical and controversial issues of our time. With almost 250 million international migrants around the world, migrants constitute some 3 per cent of the world’s population, and all indications show that the phenomenon is most likely to be on the rise for decades to come.