International Migrants Day 2022
Mozambique has historically been part of global and regional migration and trade networks. It is a key transit corridor for migrants from diverse backgrounds and multiple regions, such as South Africa but also the East and Horn of Africa, East Asia and others.
Migration can be a big contributor to development, as we can see in Southern Mozambique where many find jobs in mining, agriculture and the service industry across the border in South Africa. Labour migration and diaspora communities bring not only remittances to their home countries, but also skills and knowledge.
The estimated number of international migrants has increased over the past five decades. Currently approximately 281 million people are international migrants living in a country other than their country of birth. (WMR 2022). Every year, people around the world face the devastating impacts of conflicts, diseases, disasters, and climate change that force them to migrate.
Despite this, migrants have proven to be a source of prosperity, innovation, and sustainable development to countries of origin and transit, and in host countries. Their financial contribution through remittances offers a lifeline to families and spur local markets, especially those of Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Their role in the labour market remains invaluable as evident on the frontline of the COVID-19 pandemic response. Their knowledge, networks, and skills have greatly contributed to the development of resilient communities.
On this International Migrants Day, and every day, IOM reaffirms its commitment to promoting a humane and orderly management of migration for the benefit of all, including the communities of origin, transit, and destination.