Sustained high rates of emigration, particularly among the highly skilled, has resulted in a sizeable Mozambican diaspora. Based on census data between 1960 and 2000, the top destination for Mozambican migrants is South Africa, but other significant countries include Malawi, Tanzania, Portugal, Swaziland, the United Kingdom, Germany, the United States, and Spain. Although Mozambicans continue to relocate abroad, the country’s macroeconomic stability and impressive growth have created more opportunities for the diaspora to be economically engaged in their home country.
Labour Migration and Human Development
Voices from the Underground: Building the Advocacy and Human Rights Capacity of Migrant Mineworkers and their Families in Southern Africa (2014 – 2016)
Historically South Africa has lacked an integrated approach to migration and labour practices. Despite new constitutional dispensation, the country is still vulnerable to exploitative practices in the formal and informal economies. This often correlates with vulnerability caused by a lack of legal documentation and lack of coherent multi-sectoral policies for local integration (short-term or long-term) of migrant workers and former migrant workers.